The lifestyle hazards of the modern age are among the many factors contributing to the global rise in fertility and health problems. In Vitro Fertilization or IVF offers an effective solution to the problem of infertility.
The first IVF baby in the world was born in England, in the year 1978. Since then IVF has helped millions all over the world achieve their dreams of having a child. IVF is a highly feasible option that can help you to have a child of your own.
In vitro refers to a process that is performed or that takes place in a test tube, culture dish or outside a living organism and in an artificial setting. IVF at the most simplistic level involves egg fertilization in a test tube and then embryo transfer to the uterus. IVF has a much higher success rate as compared to other fertility treatments like Artificial Insemination and IUI or Intrauterine Insemination procedures.
When is IVF an Option?
IVF is recommended for couples who suffer from the following issues:
- Anatomical problems like blocked fallopian tubes or pelvic adhesions with a distorted pelvic structure.
- In a case of severe male infertility due to a low sperm count or low motility.
- In a case of failure after 2-4 cycles of ovarian stimulation with intrauterine insemination.
- In case the mother-to-be is over 38 years of age.
- In the case of a low ovarian reserve or low egg supply.
- In a case of severe endometriosis.
Procedure and Stages
- Stage 1- is ovulation induction, during which the fertility specialist monitors your ovulation and the time of egg release. Fertility medicines or hormones are given at this stage to stimulate egg production. The more eggs you have, the higher the chances of success. If you are unable to produce any eggs, you can use donor eggs for IVF.
- Stage 2- involves the extraction of eggs for fertilization. Pain medication is given to reduce any discomfort during the extraction process.
- Stage 3- is fertilization. The sperm sample whether from your partner or a donor is secured, and the most active sperm is mixed with the egg in a special chamber, or sometimes the sperm is injected directly into the egg. They are then put into an incubator and are monitored to ensure that a healthy embryo develops.
- Stage 4- consists of embryo transfer and implantation. The healthiest embryos are selected for transfer and are then carefully placed into your uterine cavity. Bed rest for 24 hours is often recommended after the IVF process has been completed.
Wrapping It Up
You may have to go through 2 to 3 IVF attempts before you achieve success. However, once you are pregnant, it is not very different from a pregnancy established naturally. Additionally, IVF pregnancies are not considered to be high risk.
So, if you thought earlier that IVF was not an option for you, after going through the information provided above, you can revisit your previous position. You can also visit your local fertility specialist for more information. With a higher rate of success, IVF can prove to be more cost-effective than IUI or AI which may require multiple attempts for successful fertilization.
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